the three yogas or trimārga are three soteriological paths mentioned in the bhagavad gita for the liberation of human spirit. shankara tended to focus on jñāna-yoga exclusively, which he interpreted as the acquisition of knowledge or vidya. the fact that he wrote some of the most famous hymns for personal gods such as shiva, vishnu, devi, ganesha and subrahmanya underlines his affinity to bhakti-yoga.
in ramanujam’s interpretation, bhakti yoga appears to be the direct path to moksha, which is however available only to those whose inner faculties have already been trained by both karma yoga and jnana yoga. patanjali’s system came to be known as raja yoga (royal yoga) retro-actively, in about the 15th century, as the term yoga had become popular for the general concept of a “religious path”. the systematic presentation of hindu monotheism as divided into these four paths or “yogas” is modern, advocated by swami vivekananda from the 1890s in his book raja yoga. the active, the emotional, the philosophical and the mystic.
there are as many ways to practice yoga as there are to unite with bliss and enlightenment. the eight limbs, or stages, of yoga are outlined in the text of the yoga sutras, which was compiled and writtenaround 300 to 200 bce by the sage patanjali [pa-tahn-jah-lee] . as a result, many students are confused into thinking that hatha yoga is a style in and of itself, apart from any other named style, when in fact it is the umbrella under which all hatha styles fall. props are becoming more common in classical-eclecticclasses as well, but mr. iyengar was an innovator in hatha practice because of his insistence on precision with props and his demand that his yoga students be consciously focused in the mind and obediently energetic in the body.
in contrast, power yoga classes are generally hybrids that use some of the postures and flow of ashtanga but are often not true to ashtanga sequencing. table 1.1 illustrates the differences between these two styles of hatha yoga in mental focus and physical components. the word vinyasa refers to the flowing or linking of poses in synchronization with the breath. bikram yoga is based on one series consisting of 26 poses, which are practiced twice in a class session. in addition, some people simply do not tolerate heat as well as others, and these people need to allow themselves rest periods and water breaks when they attend a class, especially when the heat is extreme.
karma yoga or the path of action (karma-mārga) ; bhakti yoga or the path of devotion (bhakti-mārga) to ishvar (god) ; jnana yoga or the path of knowledge (jñāna-, 3 types of yoga in hinduism, 4 types of yoga bhagavad gita, karma yoga, karma yoga, jnana yoga.
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