pranayama is described in hindu texts like the bhagavad gita and the yoga sutras of patanjali.  pranayama is the fourth “limb” of the eight limbs of ashtanga yoga mentioned in verse 2.29 in the yoga sutras of patanjali. the 15th century hatha yoga pradipika is a key text of this tradition and includes various forms of pranayama such as kumbhaka breath retention and various body locks (bandha).
 according to the scholar-practitioner of yoga theos bernard, the ultimate aim of pranayama is the suspension of breathing (kevala kumbhaka), “causing the mind to swoon”.  in some buddhist teachings or metaphors, breathing is said to stop with the fourth jhana, though this is a side-effect of the technique and does not come about as the result of purposeful effort.  long term and large scale studies would be needed in order to validate the research and confirm the effects of pranayama and reach global acceptance.  according to at least one study, pranayama was the yoga practice leading to most injuries, with four injuries in a study of 76 practitioners.
pranayama is a system of techniques used to harness and manipulate universal energy known as prana. the term is derived from several sanskrit roots; prana meaning “vital life force,” yama meaning “control” and ayama meaning “extension” or “expansion.” the breath is symbolic of prana, and pranayama can be understood as methods to extend and expand vital life force energy through the deliberate control of respiration. the practice may be used for purification, achieving liberation, focussing the mind, steadying the body or as an adjunct to other techniques such as mantra chanting and meditation. according to patanjali’s yoga sutras, pranayama is a preparatory practice, required prior to the more advanced techniques of pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), dharana (concentration) and dhyana (meditation), leading to the ultimate stage of samadhi (enlightenment). this may be experienced as a general feeling of low energy, but it is also understood to be the root cause of disease. for thousands of years, yogis have developed techniques to work with this energetic system through the practice of pranayama, as a means of cultivating balance and wellness in body and mind.
pranayama uses deliberate control of the breath in order to extend and expand vital life force energy. although prana operates within the subtle body known as the pranamaya kosha (a complex network of channels and vortices distinct from the physical body) it penetrates and impacts all five koshas or sheaths of the self. these channels converge at various energetic vortices known as chakras, and energetic locks (bandhas) and seals (mudras) can be used in addition to pranayama as a means of moving, locking and sealing prana. the hatha yoga pradipika is one of the first texts to give detailed descriptions of pranayama techniques, including suryabheda, ujjayi, sitkari, sitali, bhastrika, bhramari, murcha and plavini, each with their own specific benefits. the four discernable stages of pranayama are: kumbhak or breath retention is considered to be a more advanced technique, not to be practiced until the practitioner has mastered other forms of pranayama. try not to stress over every question, but simply answer based off your intuition.
pranayama is the yogic practice of focusing on breath. in sanskrit, prana means “vital life force”, and yama means to gain control. in yoga, breath is pranayama is the practice of breath regulation. it’s a main component of yoga, an exercise for physical and mental wellness. pranayama is a system of techniques used to harness and manipulate universal energy known as prana. it is an integral aspect of yoga,, types of pranayam, types of pranayam, pranayama definition, 8 types of pranayama, pranayama definition by patanjali.
“pranayama is control of breath”. “prana” is breath or vital energy in the body. on subtle levels prana represents the pranic energy responsible for life or life force, and “ayama” means control. so pranayama is “control of breath”. prana is the vital energy needed by our physical and subtle layers, without which the body would perish. it is the prana or life force in us that nourishes the pranayama refers to breathing exercises which clear the physical and emotional obstacles in our body to free the breath and so the flow of prana – life energy. yoga is more than asanas. it’s a complete lifestyle that promotes holistic health. prana is the vital component that sustains life. “pran” mean bio-energy and “, 7 types of pranayama, what is pranayama and its benefits.
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