spiritism is consequently a moral doctrine that strengthens the religious sentiments in general and (…) belongs to all religions, and not any one in particular.  kate and maggie conducted channeling sessions in an attempt to contact the presumed spiritual entity creating the sounds, and claimed contact with the spirit of a peddler who was allegedly murdered and buried beneath the house. spiritism was not accepted by uk and us spiritualists of the day as they were undecided whether or not to agree with the spiritist view on reincarnation.
 the central tenet of spiritism is the belief in spiritual life. however, the mainstream scientific community does not accept spiritism as scientific, and its belief system fits within the definition of religion. the broad areas of criticism relate to charlatanism, pseudoscience, heresy, witchcraft, and satanism. they purportedly included poetry, novels, and even scientific treatises, some of which are considered by brazilian spiritist followers to be fundamental for the comprehension of the practical and theoretical aspects of allan kardec’s doctrine.
spiritualism is a movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have the ability and the necessary means to communicate with the living. there was a great deal of professional showmanship inherent to demonstrations of mesmerism, and the practitioners who lectured in mid-19th-century north america sought to entertain their audiences as well as to demonstrate methods for personal contact with the divine. the evidence of the senses appealed to practically minded americans, and the fox sisters became a sensation.  yet another prominent spiritualist and trance medium prior to the civil war was paschal beverly randolph (1825–1875), a man of mixed race, who also played a part in the abolitionist movement.  the claims of spiritualists and others as to the reality of spirits were investigated by the society for psychical research, founded in london in 1882. the society set up a committee on haunted houses.  in britain, by 1853, invitations to tea among the prosperous and fashionable often included table-turning, a type of séance in which spirits were said to communicate with people seated around a table by tilting and rotating the table.
 a number of spiritualist periodicals appeared in the nineteenth century, and these did much to hold the movement together. as the spiritualism movement began to fade, partly through the publicity of fraud accusations and partly through the appeal of religious movements such as christian science, the spiritualist church was organised.  spiritualists reacted with an uncertainty to the theories of evolution in the late 19th and early 20th century. to theosophy humanity starts in a state of perfection (see golden age) and falls into a process of progressive materialization (devolution), developing the mind and losing the spiritual consciousness.  oliver lodge also promoted a version of spiritual evolution in his books man and the universe (1908), making of man (1924) and evolution and creation (1926).  the spr’s investigations into spiritualism exposed many fraudulent mediums which contributed to the decline of interest in physical mediumship.
spiritism is a major component of the syncretic afro-brazilian religion umbanda and also very influential in cao đài, a vietnamese religion spiritualism is a movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have the ability and the necessary means to communicate with spiritism a general term for the belief that the spirits or souls of the dead communicate with the living through a medium or psychically sensitive, .
spiritualism, in religion, a movement based on the belief that departed souls can interact with the living. spiritualists sought to make contact with the dead, usually through the assistance of a medium, a person believed to have the ability to contact spirits directly. spiritualist belief developed during the early decades of the movement. a core belief of spiritualism is that individuals survive the deaths of their bodies by ascending into a spirit existence. a person’s condition after death is directly related to the moral quality of his human existence. spiritualists sometimes refer to spiritualism as a religion, a philosophy and a science. they regard their religion as based on universal truths spiritism is the name properly given to the belief that the living can and do communicate with the spirits of the departed, and to the various practices by spiritism states that there is a god over all as well as spirits who have the ability to improve and perfect themselves. spirits perfect themselves through, .
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